The sports of risk are those sports or activities of leisure that present a real or apparent danger. There are many risky sports such as surfing, diving, rafting, parachuting, motocross, luge or skiing among others. Practising risk sports can provide many benefits such as adrenaline discharge, eliminate stress, burn calories or improve social relationships.

These are some of the best-known risk sports:

  • The surf is a water sport on the water surface. It is one of the most popular extreme sports, which is seen in films like Soul Surfer or Riding Giants. Surfing is a board sport, where the surfer slides on a board, dragged by the waves. It is a sport that requires balance, reflexes, high level of swimming and/or apnea and knowledge of the sea to surf the best waves.
  • Once we manage the table we can learn many tricks on the boards such as the takeoff, the floater, cut-back, air, tubes, among others
  • There are two main modalities: shortboard surfing (shortboarding) that allows fast manoeuvres and turns and longboard surfing that allows for smoother manoeuvres and turns. The necessary equipment for surfing is a board, a strap and wetsuit to stay longer in cold water.
  • Surfing is a very old sport whose origin is not known with certainty. It was first seen by Westerners when British explorers visited Tahiti in 1767. Surfing was also common in Hawaii when Captain James Cook visited the island in the late 18th century. Since then, surfing is constantly growing worldwide. So much so, that will be part of the Olympic program in Tokyo 2020 making its debut in a JJOO.

The practice of surfing offers many benefits for our health, both mental and physical. Strengthens the heart, improves the muscles, balance and coordination, helps eliminate stress and discharges adrenaline by coming into contact with nature.

The diving is a water sport. The diving is done in a sport or recreational way. The first consists of submerging, both in the sea and in a river, lake or pool for sporting purposes, an adequate physical form is required for the different competitions, while recreational diving is a more relaxed mode of diving where you do not need a physical form, but a minimum preparation provided by the different diving courses.

There are two modalities, free diving or apnea where breathing apparatus is not used and you will have to leave every so often to breathe or scuba diving where the autonomy underwater is much greater.

Diving is a very beneficial sport because it improves breathing, burns calories (220 calories per dive), reduces stress and allows you to discover the wonders of ocean bottoms.

The rafting is an extreme water sport. It consists of sliding through rivers of fast and not very deep currents on a pneumatic raft, using as a motor an oar to propel us. To practice, it requires a pneumatic boat and paddles, a neoprene suit, a suitable helmet, life jacket and some booties. This sport gives us a lot of adventure and fun, which will improve our self-esteem and our communication with people.

The parachute is made in high altitude jump with a parachute that is slowing the descent can be made from air transport. During the free fall, the parachute must be activated to land safely. This activity can be practised in a sport or recreational way. Each paratrooper must carry two parachutes, one emergency. Once the paratrooper is open, he can control the direction and speed by means of ropes. The jumps are made from a minimum height of 850 meters and a maximum of 4000 meters. There are several types of skydiving, the best known are swooping, precision, freestyle and the most recent modality is the indoor skydiving or indoor sport flight that was an aspirant at the Paris 2024 Olympic Games.

The MX / FMX is a motor sport. There are two different modalities. Freestyle freestyle motocross, known as FMX, where the most important are the tricks and jumps that are evaluated by judges. The goal is to do the best trick to get the highest score. The most important competitions of this modality are the Freestyle Motocross World Championship organized by the FIM (International Motorcycling Federation), the X Games and the Red Bull X-Fighters.

The other modality is speed motocross racing (MX) on a dirt or asphalt circuit. The goal is to finish the race ahead of your rivals. The most important competition is the FIM Motocross World Championship.

The luge is a sport of inertia that can be on an ice tube (luge), Olympic modality, or on asphalt (street luge), a non-Olympic modality. It is practised on a sledge (without brakes or rudder) where athletes have to slide lying on their back with their feet in front and their head back. The athletes take the exit seated and they propel their sledges with their hands. They reach speeds of 140 kilometres per hour.

In the luge on an ice tube, there are two modalities, the individual and that of couples, and you can practice on an artificial or natural ice rink. To compete under the same conditions, maximum weight is set for the riders and the maximum authorized weight of the sledge is 23 kg in the individual and 27 kg in the pair. The necessary equipment to protect oneself in the proper way is a helmet, knee pads, wrist guards, leather suit and special shoes.

Its history goes back to the year 1883 in Davos, Switzerland. The first luge world championship was held in Oslo in 1955 and was included as an Olympic sport at the 1964 Innsbruck Games.

On the other hand, its non-Olympic variant, the street luge or “Asphalt Sled” consists of the descent of asphalted slopes on a special skateboard.

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